Last Minute Tips that’ll Get Your Home Ready for the Holidays

Pretty little girl smiling with present near the Christmas tree after last minute preps for family ChristmasWe’re all down to the wire.  It’s the proverbial holiday go time, and it’s up to you to get your home ready for all the Christmas get-togethers, family time, and holiday cheer that your home can take.

Make a list, and check it twice.

It’s time to think like Santa: make a to-do list and check it twice.  Make sure you have an organized list so you can move from one task to another without wasting time thinking about what to do next. If you are in the middle of any home remodeling projects, finish as best you can or make it safe enough for your guests. (If you need any assistance, stop in at your local flooring and tile store for last minute supplies and advice.)

Worry about your exterior.

We’re not talking about adding extra holiday decorations to your home.  When getting ready for your family coming to town or a big family holiday celebration, don’t just concentrate on the inside of your home.  Worry about the outside: the driveway, the sidewalks, the door.  Make sure your walks are clear of snow and ice.  Have your driveway cleaned out, or clean it out yourself so no one gets stuck.

Carry your cleaning supplies together.

If you want to get your home clean, and cleaned quickly, carry your cleaning supplies with you from place to place in a tray or tub.  Just like a list, this saves you time running from place to place looking for supplies.

Deep clean your hardwoods with care.

No matter how much of a hurry you are in, don’t just throw some water on your hardwood floors and walk away.  Also, don’t fast track your hardwood deep clean with a steam cleaner; it can have the same effect and permanently damage your floors.  Follow these steps for deep cleaning your floors, and make sure you don’t leave puddles when you are done.

Prepare for guests.

Anticipate your guests, and their needs, before they arrive.  Stock up on everything your out-of-town guests need, and stock their room and bathroom accordingly.  Add storage options for their things, or clear out closet or dressers they can use.  For shorter term guests, clean out your front hall closet or coat rack to accommodate the jackets and winter gear they are arriving with.  Put out mats at each door to keep the snow on their boots and shoes off your floors.  A few minutes of preparation can make your holidays merrier—for you and your guests.

10 Tips for Protecting Your Floors this Winter

Children playing in the snow ready to come in on wood floorsWinter is hard on all kinds of floors: hardwood, carpet, laminate, vinyl.  Between all the snow, ice, gravel, and all the other “stuff” that comes with winter, wet feet (and paws) can do quite the number on your home.  You know what we’re talking about: floor stains, damage, warping, and all the other damage from the elements.  The good news is that all that damage is preventable—if you use these tips to protect your floors this winter.

Put rugs by all your doors.

Adding mats by all your doors is a simple and effective way to keep the snow and water puddles off your floors.  If you have wood or laminate floors, stop at your local flooring store to find out if you need to put a protective pad under your mat to minimize scratches.  Mats also prove to be a relief for homeowners with carpet so water and winter mud doesn’t cause stains and cleaning headaches.

Wipe up puddles and spills right away.

If any snow does make it past your mats, have paper towel or rags handy to clean up your puddles right away off your wood or laminate floors.  Puddles can stain any kind of flooring or cause your wood and laminate floors to warp.

Don’t skip a daily sweeping.

With all the snow and ice that comes in on boots and paws also comes gravel and debris that can scratch your hard floors and leave your carpet looking dirty.  Set some time aside each day to sweep up the small pieces that leave a mark—literally.

Add felt pads to all chairs and furniture.

This is a year-round protection tip that you need to take to heart all year round.  Put felt tips on all your furniture and tables.  If you are using folding chairs to accommodate all your additional holiday and party guests, make sure there are protectors on all your folding chairs as well.

Be careful when moving furniture.

Moving furniture for your holiday get-togethers or to accomodate your Christmas tree is pretty much a holiday norm.  It can also be a scratch hazard to your floors.  Use cardboard or large felt pads to keep your floors in as good shape as it was before your furniture move.

Have guests take off their shoes.

It’s not rude to ask guests to remove their shoes at the door.  Make this simple request to keep your floors clean and shoe print free.

Don’t steam clean your wood floors.

As tempting as it may be to buy one of those steam cleaners off of TV for your wood floors, please don’t.  Steam floors can damage your floors, and void the warranty if your floor is a new install.  Instead, to deep clean your floors, use our tips for deep cleaning wood floors.

Schedule a carpet cleaning.

If you’re worried about your carpets and the snow, schedule a professional carpet cleaning that can deep clean your carpets after all your holiday get-togethers.  Not only will a professional carpet cleaning get your carpets clean, it can also rid your carpets of all those indoor allergens that cause problems over the winter.

Follow cleaning instructions to a “T.”

When using cleaners on your carpet, don’t take any liberties with the cleaner or how you apply it—unless you want to end up with a spot or damage you don’t want.  Visit your local flooring store to make sure you find a floor cleaner that works and won’t damage your floor.  Test cleaners before you use them, and follow the directions on your floor cleaner closely so you don’t void your floor warranty.

Put protectors (mats, rugs, etc.) under your holiday tree.

This tip rings true for any home with hard or carpeted floors.  Make sure you buy a floor protector to put under your tree so you don’t have any problems with water leaking onto your floor.  You don’t want your merry holiday to end badly with a damaged floor and a badly needed repair.

10 Home Gift Ideas for the Person Who Has Everything

man giving gifts to woman who has everythingWe all have that one person on our holiday gift list: the one who has everything they need and could ever want.  You know who we’re talking about: your grandma that has a full house.  Your mother who has every collectible that she needs for her collection.  Your wife who loves design shows and decorating your house.  What in the world are you supposed to give someone like that?

It’s time to think out of the box.  If your gift recipient loves her home, think about getting her a home decor gift.  Want to give a gift with a BIG impact?  Combine your funds (and/or efforts, if you want to install the gift) with other family or friends so you can make a big splash in their home.

Backsplash tiles (and installation)

summer project kitchen with backsplashA kitchen backsplash can make a big difference in a kitchen, no matter the size.  If you really want to make your gift recipient’s day, offer to install the tiles (well) or pay for the installation so the tiles don’t just sit.  To make sure you get the tiles they want, buy them a gift certificate or promise to take them into a local flooring store right after the holidays.    

Cleaning break

For a gift recipient for everything but time, consider buying them the gift of a clean home.  Give them a gift certificate for a cleaning service or pre-pay for a home cleaning with a local home cleaner.

Area rugs

Young happy smiling woman lying with laptop on carpet over radiant in floor heatingIf you have a new home owner who can’t afford a lot of home décor, or a seasoned home owner who needs protection for their new wood floors, it’s time to be sneaky.  Measure their floor for dimensions for their new rug on the sly and visit your local flooring store to select a custom made area rug.  Talk to the flooring experts at the store for the rug and any covering needed to keep their new wood floor beautiful.

Personalized sign

If you want to put your personal stamp on their gift, make them a sign personalized just for them.  To make it memorable, sign up for a class before your holiday get together or schedule the class with your gift recipient so you have a fun night out making your signs.

Upholstery cleaning

Does your gift recipients have a chair that they want cleaned in the worst way (like their husband’s)?  Give them the gift that just keeps giving: a good upholstery cleaning of their favorite chair, sofa, or other piece of furniture.

Project IOU

If your gift recipient has a project they’ve been meaning to get to or just doesn’t have the time, give them the gift of your help.  Promise to come help them with their kitchen remodel, laundry room redo, or anything else on their to-do list.

Wood floor refinishing

protecting wood floorsDo you have a gift recipient with everything…except wood floors in good condition?  Surprise your gift recipient with a gift certificate to get their floors refinished (or arrange to pre-pay it with a local flooring contractor). 

Carpet cleaning

If your gift recipient has pets or frequently fosters dogs or cats, give them the gift that keeps on giving: carpet cleaning.  Surprise them with a certificate for a carpet clean that gives them a break from cleaning their carpet—for awhile at least.


Have you been hearing, “I’ve been meaning to get new blinds” for awhile now?  Give your gift recipient what they’ve been wanting: new window treatments.  To make sure you get the right product (and a quality product), visit your local flooring store to talk with a designer about your options.

New bathroom

If you have a lot of people chipping in, give your gift recipient a whole bathroom remodel (and the labor to make it happen).  If their bathroom is in good shape, consider just giving them a bathroom face lift with new flooring and a new countertop.  If you want to put in the floor yourself, use this guide for DIY floor options and buy in bulk at your local flooring store. 

What kind of flooring can be installed over in floor radiant heating?

Young happy smiling woman lying with laptop on carpet over radiant in floor heatingIt’s the gift that just keeps giving: warm in floor radiant floor heating.  Just ask anyone who has in floor heating in their home and they’ll tell you how wonderful it is to have a warm floor underfoot (especially during winter!)  If you decide that radiant floor heating is an affordable luxury you want in your home, you have two options.  If you use a boiler to heat your home, radiant heating can be installed with your hydronic heating. For a home without a boiler, an electric mat can be purchased and installed under these kinds of flooring:


If you really want to combine warmth and softness, let the sales associates at the flooring station know when you order the carpet.  They can recommend the ideal carpet pad that ensures you can feel the warmth from the in floor heating through the pad.


Wood flooring is not an ideal product to install over in floor heating, but laminate is the next best thing.  Because laminate is a floating floor, it’s easy to install over radiant floor heating.  And with the look of wood or stone, laminate flooring gives you the look you want and the warmth from your in floor heating.


Tile is one of the most popular floors to install over in floor radiant heating.  It’s easy to see why: without radiant floor heating, tile can be cold to the feet.  With in floor heating underneath, tiles conduct the heat from a radiant floor heating system and look great.

Engineered hardwood

Engineered hardwood floors differ from wood floors in construction; engineered wood floors are manufactured in layers, making some products suitable for installing over in floor heating. To find out what engineered hardwood products would work, ask an expert at your flooring store to point out what products give you warmth and beauty.

6 Last Minute Preps that Get Your Home Ready for Thanksgiving

family making last minute preparations for ThanksgivingThere are a lot of tips floating around about getting your home ready for the holidays, but when the clock’s ticking down, tips like “start early” don’t really count.  If you’re up against the clock, use these (fast) tips to get ready for your family Thanksgiving.

Finish your home projects.

If you’ve started home projects (like a beautiful laminate accent wall), now is the time to get it done so your guests aren’t wading through the dust during the holidays.  Stop in for any last minute supplies you need so you can get your project completed and wow your guests over the holidays.

Make a plan.

Don’t get so frantic about getting ready for Thanksgiving that you don’t take the time to make a plan.  Make a list of tasks that need to be done, and designate tasks to family members or cleaners that you bring in for the occasion.  For your plan for the day of, make sure your list includes time for prepping and cooking your dishes.  You don’t want ornery guests waiting for dinner because you were too busy cleaning.

Abandon areas of your home that don’t count.

Devote your cleaning efforts to areas of your home where your guests are going to be.  We know it’s tempting but if your guests won’t be in your basement or closets, let them be. Move on to areas where your guests are going to be hanging out and eating.  Save any other projects for after the holidays when you don’t have the clocking ticking down.

Have fans ready.

When you clean your laminate or wood floors, don’t leave puddles for the safety of your guests and for the good of your floors (more tips for wood floor cleaning here).  Use fans to make sure your floors dry completely so you don’t end up with water damage.  After you get your floors dry and ready, keep a rag on hand over the holidays so you can clean up any spills.

Don’t clean your floors  (or anything) without testing.

Holiday cleaning—even rushed holiday cleaning—is not the time for experimenting.  If you’ve never used a certain cleaner before, go back to what you know or visit your local store for cleaning advice.  Using unproven cleaners can damage your floors, counters, and surfaces and even void the warranty of your floors.  No matter how much you want a perfect clean, it’s not worth it if you end up with damage that costs more to fix.

Carry your cleaning supplies with you.

Once you have your list, gather up all your cleaners and cleaning supplies and put them in a container that you can carry with you.  This simple step keeps you from wasting time running all over the house looking for your next cleaner or paper towel.  Best yet, carrying your cleaners allows you to make fast and short work of your holiday prep—and move you forward to enjoying the holidays with your guests.

50+ Tips that Get Your Home Ready for Thanksgiving (& Complete Home Cleaning Checklist!)

dining room with four chairs ready for ThanksgivingThe clock is ticking until Thanksgiving, which means your time to get ready for another Thanksgiving meal with your family and friends is getting smaller as well.  To make sure your home is ready in time, we’ve compiled a checklist of 50 cleaning tips that’ll help you ready you and your home ready (especially your floors!) for the big day.


  1. Use a list (like this one!) so you can efficiently get all your Thanksgiving preparation done.
  2. Start early with deep cleaning tasks so your pre-Thanksgiving cleaning is not frenzied chaos.
  3. Plan your Thanksgiving meal carefully so you don’t have to run out for last minute ingredients (leaves you more time for last-minute cleaning).
  4. Compile all your cleaning supplies into a basket so you don’t have to keep running back for cleaners and supplies (it’s more efficient and faster!).
  5. Set an alarm or timer so you are attending to the Thanksgiving meal as you do last minute cleaning (you don’t want your guests to wait for dinner).
  6. Set time aside to finish any DIY projects so your guests’ don’t notice the dust.
  7. Clean your pets’ paws off at the door so they don’t track mud in.
  8. Put down rugs by all doors to keep gravel, mud, and snow outside.
  9. Sweep your floors daily to get rid of the debris that gets tracked in and prevent damage.
  10. Ask your local flooring store about cleaners BEFORE you mop your floors; they can look up approved cleaners so you don’t void the warranty.


  1. Clean your front door windows.
  2. Wipe down your door.
  3. Clean any light fixtures.
  4. Dust any entryway or foyer furniture.


  1. Vacuum before you carpet clean your floors.
  2. Soak up the stain first before you clean.
  3. Blot at the stain; don’t scrub or twist carpet fibers when you clean carpet stains.
  4. Schedule a professional deep carpet cleaning shortly before Thanksgiving to avoid staining the carpets after the cleaning.


  1. Wash windows.
  2. Pick up your floors.
  3. Wash your bed sheets well in advance.

Wood floors

  1. Thoroughly wring out your mop to avoid puddles on the floor.
  2. Be VERY careful when using a steam cleaner on your wood floors, or don’t use one at all (this could affect the warranty on your floor).
  3. Only use approved cleaners on your wood floors for a deep hardwood clean (avoid vinegar and ammonia cleaners and follow these other hardwood cleaning tips).
  4. Make sure your floor is completely dry (use fans if necessary).


  1. Scrub your tub and shower stall.
  2. Clean your bathroom door or wash your shower curtain.
  3. Wash any windows.
  4. Clean your toilets.
  5. Wipe down your counters.
  6. Clean any light fixtures.
  7. Wash your mirrors.


  1. Wipe down your cabinets.
  2. Wash backsplash.
  3. Clean the top of your cabinets.
  4. Wash the walls behind your appliances.
  5. Clean the floor under your appliances.
  6. Wipe down your counter tops.
  7. Clean off light fixtures.
  8. Wash windows.

Dining room

  1. Dust any cabinets and shelves.
  2. Clean the table.
  3. Wipe down the chairs.
  4. Add felt pads to all your chairs, table legs, and furniture to avoid scratches on hard flooring.
  5. Put felt tips on all your folding chairs so they don’t damage your floors.
  6. Set the table.

Tile floors

  1. Scrub your grout with an approved cleaner.
  2. Mop your tile floors regularly.

Laminate floors

  1. Do not use water (or excessive water, depending on your floor cleaner directions) to clean your floors (standing water can damage laminate floors).
  2. Use a soft padded mop and approved cleaner to give your floors a deep clean.
  3. Don’t use a steam cleaner on your laminate floors (this could affect the warranty and damage the floor).
  4. Make sure your floors are completely dry (use fans if necessary).

Living areas

  1. Dust shelves, cabinets, and tables.
  2. Clean off fireplace mantels and tile.
  3. Dust the top of frames and clean picture glass.
  4. Wash windows.

DIY Laminate Flooring Installation Tips That Guarantee a Perfect Project

home design trend laminate flooring on wall

Courtesy Armstrong Floors

Whether installing laminate on your floor or wall (don’t doubt us, it’s a beautiful accent!), there are a few important things to know to get your DIY flooring project ‘before’ to the ‘after’ photos you see on the internet—and to get there with less DIY stress.

Buy in bulk

It seems that every project is prone to unexpected surprises; buy extra flooring and supplies for those ‘just in case’ situations (you can also get a discount if you buy in bulk).  If you end up short (as some of our customers do-we’ve helped many frantic customers), don’t be afraid to go back for more flooring during the project.

Acclimate your flooring

Before you install your flooring and to make sure you don’t end up with damaged planks, bring your flooring into the room where you want to install it.  Let the box of flooring sit in the room for a few days before your project is set to start.

Plan for disposal in advance

accent wall done with laminate flooring

Courtesy Armstrong Flooring

If you are removing flooring or paneling, plan for your method of disposal.  If you are working in a big room, you may need to rent a dumpster or have boxes on hand to handle the load (or loads).  For a wall project, test out wallpaper removal before you start your project.  You may need extra supplies to get wallpaper and the wallpaper glue off the wall.

Prep your surface thoroughly

Before you start your project, make sure your sub-floor or surface is clean.  Don’t install laminate on a sloping wall, or a surface with existing wallpaper or paneling.  Thoroughly vacuum the area, and make sure your surface is level.  If you are adding a floating floor that runs between rooms, compare the sub-floor in the two rooms and level the surface.

Ask for advice

Don’t be afraid to ask for advice about your DIY flooring project at your local flooring store.  After all, they assist customers every day with purchasing and installing new flooring.  They can give you information about purchasing the right product and supplies (i.e. saw, nails, etc.) and give you tips that help make your project smoother and look fantastic.

5 Tips for Deep Cleaning Your Hardwood Floors

warm wood floors in home that need deep cleanThere are a million different tips on the internet about deep cleaning hardwood floors: use ammonia and water, don’t clean with ammonia cleaner, combine vinegar and water, only use water.  Really, the basic steps of deep cleaning hardwood floors is pretty uniform:

  1. Sweep and vacuum wood floor.
  2. Mop wood floors (don’t leave excess water on the floor).
  3. Rinse floor if recommended on cleaning product.
  4. Make sure wood floor dries.

The basics steps for deep cleaning your wood floors sounds simple, but as you can tell from those websites, advice is all over the board (and not always for the best).  That’s why it’s best to ask the experts (us, not the internet chat rooms) for tips that’ll get your wood floors clean and keep them looking as good as the day they were installed.

Sweep and vacuum thoroughly

The first step in cleaning your wood floors is a thorough sweep to get rid of all the dirt and grime.  Back up your sweep with a vacuum (or a vacuum cleaner attachment) to pick up any small stones, gravel, or debris so your floor is completely clear for your deep cleaning.

Only use hardwood cleaners

As tempting as it may be to buy a simple household cleaning product like ammonia or vinegar at the grocery store and dilute it in water, think twice.  Vinegar can damage the finish on your floors, leaving your floor looking dull.  Instead, ask the experts (who actually install and deal with wood floors regularly) for recommendations for hardwood cleaners that get your floor clean and won’t void the floor warranty.  Once you have your cleaner, follow the directions and start to mop your floors.    

Thoroughly wring out the mop

This is very IMPORTANT: don’t leave puddles as you mop.  Wring as much water out of the mop as possible, and apply it to your floor.  If your floor is incredibly dirty, such as a floor that hasn’t been cleaned in awhile or in a home that was previously vacant, you may need to get on your hands and knees with a soft cloth (or hire someone who can deep clean your floor).

Make sure your floor dry.

If the weather is very humid (like during one of our hot summer days), use fans to dry your floors out.  Water is a wood floor’s worst enemy, and can cause warping, buckling, and staining that can permanently damage your floor.

Ask for help when removing marks on the floor

Before you tackle those scuff marks and stains, ask your local flooring experts for tips on removing marks and stains so you can avoid scratching or damaging your wood floor.  A little bit of research now can benefit you in the long run, especially when you’re enjoying your beautiful wood floor.

When should I get my carpets cleaned? Why should I clean my carpets?

How often should I clean my carpets?

clean off white carpet after a professional carpet cleaningWe know this is the answer you don’t want to hear because it’s not a definite number, but the general rule is that carpets should be cleaned every 12-18 months—more often if you have kids or pets.  If you do, your carpets should be cleaned more often, but not with that rent-a-cleaner you can get at the local hardware store.

As convenient as a rental carpet cleaner is (and as great as it is for emergency stains), consider investing in a professional carpet cleaning to get maximum results.  Professional carpet cleaning gives your carpets a deep clean that those rent-a-cleaners only dream of (and with a clean machine and water), and with better cleaning products—and natural ones if you contact a real pro.

Why should I give my carpets a good carpet cleaning?

While it’s easy to think about carpet cleaning after a pet accident, spill, or, in the case of one of our clients, a paint spill on her new area rug, a thorough deep carpet cleaning can have benefits beyond an emergency clean-up.

Allergen Removal

Vacuuming is a great first step in your fight to remove allergens, but it only keeps allergens like dust, pet dander, dust mites and mold spores at bay—and it may not remove every allergen (even if you used our tips for keeping allergies away and buy an allergy-friendly vacuum). Think of vacuuming as the battle, and carpet cleaning as the winner of the war.  Schedule a professional carpet cleaning to remove the allergens all the way down to the pad.


Once you’ve invested in a new carpet, it’s time to move on to the next step: taking care of your new carpet.  Many carpet manufacturers even require you to take care of it by scheduling a regular professional carpet cleaning for the warranty.  When, and how often, those carpet cleanings occur depends on the manufacturer’s specifications.

Pet Stain (& Odor) Removal

Once puppy training is done—and there is an end in sight (don’t worry dog owners!)—or while you’re still in the process of house training, scheduling a professional carpet cleaning can remove the stain and any odors from puppy accidents.  Removing odors is important not just for your nose, but also for your puppy’s because puppies often pee or soil in the same spot—which they can smell, even if you can’t smell or see it.

Resale Value

If you don’t carpet clean your carpets, three scenarios could arise if your carpets are stained: 1) you may have to carpet clean the carpets anyway; 2) the home owners could request a lower price to accommodate the cost of new flooring; or 3) your home may not sell because of the “gross” carpets.  Needless to say, scheduling a professional carpet cleaning puts your home’s best foot forward—and can add dollar to your sale price.

Easy Entertaining/Holiday Clean

Whether before or after your family holiday or night of entertaining, a professional carpet clean can bring new life to your home and carpets.  If someone spilled on your brand new carpets or you need to cover up your latest carpet stain, schedule a carpet cleaning to get your home ready—or back in shape after your party.

Best Flooring Options for Your Dining Room

dining room floor with chair, table, and tile flooringIt took only a few months with a new baby in a high chair to realize that the previous owner’s choice of white carpet under our dining room table was not going to work with a growing family.  If you’re in the same boat, or thinking ahead before your next big family holiday meal (you know, with everyone gathered around the Thanksgiving, Christmas or Easter dinner), choosing the right flooring for your dining room is more than just bringing home the right sample that looks good with your wall color.

The right dining room floor can handle everything life can throw at it: water, food, foot traffic, pets begging at the diners’ feet.  After all that, the dining room floor needs to be easy-to-clean from food and drink spills, and resilient enough so you aren’t still seeing the stains from an accidental spill.  The good news is that there are several dining room flooring options that meet the criteria.


Solid wood flooring and engineered hardwood floors are both ideal for dining rooms. They’re beautiful, easy to clean, and incredibly durable—as long as you clean up any water spills as soon as possible.  If you want a soft feel under your feet while you eat, get a custom-made, spill-proof rug to go under your table.  A custom-made rug gives you the option of choosing the right pattern and size that fits perfectly around your table.  Talk to the professionals at your local flooring shop for options and any precautions you need to take to keep your wood floor in great shape (i.e. protection under the rug, etc.)


kitchen and dining room with island, table, and laminate floorsLaminate floors have come a long way over the years; today’s laminate flooring is so realistic many people can’t tell the difference between laminate and real wood flooring.  Laminate floors come with the same disclaimer as wood floors; you do need to clean up water spills as soon as possible to prevent damage, but they are durable enough to handle heavy foot and pet traffic and easy-to-clean in case of accidental spills.  Laminate floors are a floating floor, meaning they can be tackled as a homeowner do-it-yourself project.


We’ve wrote about the benefits of porcelain tile in the past: it’s durable, water resistant, and easy-to clean.  Today’s tiles also come in long, rectangular slats that are stunning; some porcelain tile products even have the look of wood.  The one disadvantage of tile is t820_vp02_00-1000x731the cool feel under your feet when the temperature drops.  This problem can be resolved with radiant heating, which can be naturally conducted through porcelain tile.

Luxury Vinyl

Luxury vinyl is one of the newest products on the market, and for good reason.  New luxury vinyl products have the look of wood or tile, are incredibly durable, and some products that come in slats can be an easy DIY home project.  For more information about luxury vinyl, stop in at your local flooring store (or send them a message) to find out more about this dining room flooring option.